Saturday, 7 June 2014

How to install CentOS into VirtualBox (Including Guest Additions)

1. Create VM
  • 16GB Dynamic Drive
  • 2 vCPU
  • 2GB RAM
  • PAE
  • 128MB Video
  • 3D Acceleration


2. Install OS
  • Attach DVD Image
  • Start
  • Test Media (Optional)
  • Right-Ctrl is the default host key (to free mouse and keyboard)
  • Basic storage devices
  • Use All Space
  • Desktop Install
  • Create your non-root user
  • Put this user in wheel group so they can use sudo
  • Use su - and then visudo to uncomment wheel group in sudoers


3. Configure network
  • Network cards are unconnected by default
  • Connect using network manager (right-click icon at top of screen and edit connection)
  • If you need to clone VM, remove or edit network card entry in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules and remove card in Network Manager


4a. Patch (GUI)
  • You only need to do 4a. or 4b. not both!
  • Need to update before compiling Guest Additions else newly downloaded software will not match existing versions
  • System > Administration > Software Update
  • First update to update the updater
  • Second update to update the OS
  • Reboot


4b. Patch (CLI)
  • sudo yum update
  • Reboot


5a. Add RPMForge repo (GUI)


5b. Add RPMForge repo (CLI)


6a. Install DKMS (GUI)
  • System > Administration > Add/Remove Software
  • Search for dkms
  • Install accepting dependencies


6b. Install DKMS (CLI)
  • sudo yum install dkms


7a. Install development tools (GUI)
  • System > Administration > Add/Remove Software
  • Expand Development and then expand Development tools
  • Select all packages and then apply


7b. Install development tools (CLI)
  • sudo yum groupinstall “Development Tools”


8a. Install Guest Additions (GUI)
  • Insert Guest Additions CD image (Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD Image…)
  • Click Open Autorun Prompt > OK > Run
  • Eject CD
  • Reboot


8b. Install Guest Additions (CLI)


  • Insert Guest Additions CD image (Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD Image…)
  • Cancel pop-up
  • cd /media/VBOXADDITIONS_4.x.xx_xxxxx/
  • sudo ./VBOXLinuxAdditions.run
  • cd /
  • Eject CD

  • Reboot

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